🧢 Deciphering Basic Knitting Symbols

Once you understand the basic symbols, you can read any chart pattern with ease.

Here is a list of basic symbols commonly used in knitting patterns, along with their names and explanations in English.

Symbol
Abb Explanation
K
Knit
P Purl
K tbl
Knit through the back loop
P tbl Purl through the back loop
M1 Make one stitch (right/left)
M1p Make one purl-wide (right/left)
LLI Left lifted increase
RLI Right lifted increase
LLIp Left lifted increase (purled)
RLIp Right lifted increase (purled)
Sl wyib Slip stitch with yarn in back
Sl wyif Slip stitch with yarn front
K1b
Knit one below
P1b Purl one below
Yo Yarn over
Ssk Slip slip knit
K2tog Knit two stitches together
Ssp Slip slip purl
P2tog Purl two stitches together
Sssk
Sk2p
Slip slip slip knit
Slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over
K3tog Knit three stitches together
Sssp Slip slip slip purl
P3tog Purl three stitches together
S2kp Slip two stitches knitwise, knit one,
pass slipped stitches over
Once you understand these basic symbols, you'll be able to read simple chart patterns.

If you want to take your knitting skills to the next level and are interested in tackling more advanced patterns, read and study these articles about the 100 knitting abbreviations and symbols commonly used in advanced patterns.

  1. Knitting Abbreviations
  2. Lace Symbols
  3. Cabel Symbols
  4. Brioche Symbols
  5. Advanced Symbols
Note: Different patterns may use different symbols, so it's important to read the key or legend that accompanies each pattern to understand what each symbol means.

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